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نمایش نتایج: از 1 به 4 از 4

سالن های نمایش معروف دنیا

  1. #1
    mr7 آواتار ها
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    پیش فرض سالن های نمایش معروف دنیا

    معمارهایی که سالن های نمایش و مراکز هنرهای نمایشی رو طراحی می کنن با موضوعات بخصوصی برخورد دارن. معمارها با همکاری مهندسان اکوستیک و طراحان صحنه سعی می کنن ساختاری رو خلق کنن که بهترین کیفیت صدایی و منظر رو واسه همه بینندگان داشته باشه.
    مسائل نور و صدا و طراحی صحنه باید کاملا با اهداف یه مرکز نمایشی مطابق باشه.مثلا وسایل و آلات موسیقی نیازهای فضایی متفاوتی از فضای لازم برای یه سخنرانی یا یه تئاتر دارن.مثلا اپرا و گروه های موسیقی نیاز به یه فضایی خاص واسه ارائه شدن دارن.به همین خاطر مراکز نمایشی چند منظوره نیاز به فضاهایی دارن که خیلی خوب با انواع نمایش های هنری که با صدا همراه هست مطابق باشن.

    خوب حالا !!!معرفی کوتاهی از چند نمونه سالن های نمایشی معروف دنیا می ذارم!

    Disney Concert Hall, Los Angels

    این سالن زیبا و مشهور اثر فرانک گهری (Frank Gehry )در حال حاضر به عنوان یکی از نقاط مشخصه لوس آنجلس تبدیل شده ولی در عین حال از این بنای درخشان استیلی در موقع ساخت نقدهای زیادی هم شد!مثلا یکی از موراد درباره انعکاس نور از سطح بنا بود که باعث مشکلاتی برای همسایه ها و ترافیک منطقه می شد و در نتیجه سازندگان بنا مجبور به تغییراتی شدن که در حدود ۹۰.۰۰۰ دلار واسشون خرج داشت!!!

    Fisher Center at Bard College

    شکل عجیب این مجموعه اثر فرانک گهری از طراحی دو سالن نمایش شکل گرفت.واسه طراحی این مجموعه گهری با یه مهندس اکوستیک به اسم Yasuhisa Toyota از کمپانی Nagata Acoustics و همینطور Richard Pilbrow و John Tissot از South Norwalk همکاری داشت که نتیجه این همکاری رو در تصویر می تونین ببینین!
    گهری واسه نمای بیرون این مجموعه از استیل چکش خورده استفاده کرد تا بخشی از محیط اطراف رو در خودش انعکاس بده.این صفحات مواج مثل یه سایبان روی کل مجموعه قرار گرفته.مثل یه پارچه ای که روی یه جعبه رو می پوشونه!
    این مجموعه هم خیلی ازش انتقاد شد و هم ازش تعریف کردن!(مثل همه کارهای معماری!!)
    اطلاعاتی کلی از این مجموعه:
    کل سطح زیر بنا:۱۰۷۶۱۲ فوت مربع
    هزینه ساخت:۶۲ میلیون دلار!
    زمان افتتاح:۲۵ آوریل ۲۰۰۳

    National Centre for the Performing Arts, Beijing

    این مرکز هنری شیشه ای و تیتانیومی!!!معروف به تخم مرغ!!!در پکن هست.
    اطراف این مجموعه به صورت یه نیم کره بیضی شکل!یه دریاچه مصنوعی ساخته شده که تصویر بی نظیری رو ایجاد می کنه!
    معمار فرانسوی Paul Andreu این مجموعه رو واسه المپیک پکن طراحی کرده.(جدا خوشکله ها!!!)

    Oslo Opera House in Oslo, Norwa

    این مجموعه نمایشی در نروژ در کنار یه دریاچه قرار گرفته و با سطح سخت مرمری سفید رنگ به یه کوه یخی یا یه کشتی شناور در آب تشبیه می شه.بر خلاف جداره بیرونی مجموعه داخل اون از چوب بلوط و رنگهای گرم پوشانده شده .
    با ۱۱۰۰ اتاق و ۳ سالن نمایش مجموعه اولسو شامل زیر بنایی در حدود ۳۸۵۰۰ متر مربع یا ۴۱۵۰۰۰ فوت مربع هست.

    Guthrie Theater in Minneapolis

    این مجموعه در سال ۲۰۰۶ ساخته شده .از اونجایی که دیواره بیرونی مجموعه به رنگ آبی تیره پوشانده شده با تاریک شدن هوا انگار کل بنا در تاریکی قرار می گیره و محو می شه و تنها پوسترهای بزرگ الکتریکی و تبلیغاتی نمایش ها خودشون رو نشون می دن!یه تراس زرد رنگ و نورهای نارنجی براق کاملا مخاطب رو جذب می کنن.
    هیئت ژوری پریتزکر درباره این مجموعه گفتن طراحی Jean Nouvel عکس العملی هست به محیط شهری و رودخانه می سی سی پی و همین طور تجلی هنرهای نمایشی و دنیای جادویی این هنر هست!

    The Esplanade in Singapore

    یکی از اهداف طراحی این مجموعه تجلی نماد یین یانگ هست!(واسه اینکه از بحث اصلی دور نشیم بعداً راجع بهش بیشتر حرف می زنیم!)
    طراحان این مجموعه Michael Wilford & Partners هستن.زیر بنای مجموعه در حدود ۴ هکتار هست !که شامل ۵ سالن نمایش و سخنرانی و چندین بخش نمایشی رو باز و همچنین چند بخش اداری و دفتری و مغازه و آپارتمان هست.

    Lyon Opera in France

    بخش سنتی و پایه ای مجموعه در کنار قسمت شیشه ای فوقاین که مثل جواهری در بالای مجموعه قرار دارد در عین مدرن بودن با معماری سنتی و تاریخی بافت اطراف نیز هماهنگ می باشد.

    Sydney Opera House

    تالار اپرای سیدنی اثر یورن اوتزن معمار دانمارکی که در سال 1957 ساختش شروع شد ولی به دلایل مشکلات سازه ای 15 سال ساخت این بنا به طول انجامید و بالاخره در سال 1973 افتتاح شد


    برگرفته از سايت(كافه ديزاين)

  2. کاربران : 2 تشکر کرده اند از شما mr7 برای ارسال این پست سودمند:


  3. #2
    mr7 آواتار ها
    mr7
    mr7 آفلاين است کاربر متوسط
    تاریخ عضویت
    Sep 2008
    محل سکونت
    n95
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    پیش فرض

    Jean Nouvel
    DR Concert Hall
    Copenhagen, Denmark
    The architecture dematerializes and becomes a matter of light and surface effects.

    Photo: Bjarne Bergius Hermansen
    The opening of the DR Concert Hall on January 17th means a national and international concert venue for Denmark and a new architectural landmark for the capital.
    The complex, part of the TV network’s new Headquarters in Copenhagen, contains all facilities for Danish Broadcasting Corporation’s music production.
    Jean Nouvel presented the new building for the press on Friday January 16th.
    “The first idea for the building was the concept of the blue screen, a kind of lantern magic, because of the exceptional situation of the urban condition being a new development. I try to be a contextual architect and generally like to have a dialogue with my neighbors, but in this new urban situation I did not know my neighbors. So I tried to think about myself an an architect in the 11th century who had to build a Cathedral in a city in Europe, and how the buildings then happened around the Cathedral. This was possible because this is probably the largest and most public building here.
    The idea after was to create a kind of question “What is this building?”
    When you see the building during the day you have a kind of feeling for what is behind the screen, but not really, and it changes a lot with the light. When the sun is lower you see the skyline of the building inside and the framing of the glass facade behind the screen. It is a paradox between a very simple building, and you feel that inside, but you don’t really know what is there, only that it is complex. So it is this relationship between simplicity and complexity that is the base of the design.
    So the idea was to create a kind of small world belonging to the Concert Hall with a lot of specific singular details, materials and spaces, so when you open a door from one studio to another it is always a new feeling, a new ambience.
    That is really the basic architectural idea of the building.”

    Jean Nouvel

    Video: arcspace.
    Jean Nouvel presents the building.
    Duration: 00:0714 Kb: 15205.5
    Nouvel’s design encloses a series of volumes, housing a different program or function, in a 45 meter tall rectangular box with transparent blue “screen” walls. The building will be constantly changing depending on the lighting conditions and the time of day; both revealing and concealing the interior. At night the building lights up with images projected on the “screen.”

    Photo: arcspace

    Photo: Bjarne Bergius Hermansen

    Photo: arcspace
    The DR Concert Hall consists of four “studios,” all very different in size and design, and thus well suited to all kinds of music.
    The foyer is distributed over seven levels - from 2.5 meters underground to about 30 meters above ground level. From the Foyer the public can see the Concert Hall (Studio 1) “floating above the ground” and the musicians playing in studio 2, 3, and 4.
    The lower Foyer, with access to three smaller halls, is located below street level. Offices and other functions are located around the halls in the northern part of the complex.

    Photo: arcspace

    Photo: arcspace

    Photo: arcspace

    Photo: arcspace

    Photo: arcspace
    There are no lamps but rather different color light volumes that simulate city lights.
    The walls are of concrete, a so-called “elephant skin,” where the concrete is cast with intermediate plastic layers, producing the special folds in the concrete.

    Photo: arcspace

    Photo: arcspace

    Photo: arcspace
    The Main Concert Hall, Studio 1, is raised ten meters above street level with the upper Foyer under its “belly”, giving the impression of a big wooden sculpture. Escalators and elevators in the upper Foyer lead to the different levels of the Concert Hall.

    Photo: arcspace

    Photo: arcspace

    Photo: arcspace
    The stage is in the middle of the Concert Hall, surrounded by 1800 seats on multi-level terracing. Nouvel refers to it like a vineyard with terracing. The ceiling and the wall surfaces are in stained plywood with milled surfaces in order to spread the highest audio frequencies. The characteristic “wave walls” are made of plaster products.

    Photo: Agnete Schlichtkrull

    Photo: Agnete Schlichtkrull

    Photo: Agnete Schlichtkrull

    Photo: Agnete Schlichtkrull
    As a minimum all the surfaces of the hall weigh 100 kg per square meter which insures the best possible reproduction of the lowest sounds. This means that most surfaces consist of up to six layers of plaster and plywood.
    When the Danish National Symphony Orchestra leaves the hall to other musical genres, large curtains are drawn out of the slots in the wave walls to optimize the acoustics of the hall as required.
    Studio 2 is inspired by the big production studios in Hollywood. On the plywood walls hang large panels with portraits of selected soloists, conductors and composers printed on them as decoration.
    The portraits were processed with a special vector graphics technique, that turn the images into black and white contrasts, then stensiled on the plywood walls.

    Photo: Agnete Schlichtkrull

    Photo: Camilla Utke Schiøler
    Studio 3, the smallest unit of the Concert Hall, can be customized for any event since there is no fixed stage or audience seating. The black walls, in alternating polished and matte panelling, is inspired by a grand piano. The floor is stained oak.

    Photo: Agnete Schlichtkrull

    Photo: Agnete Schlichtkrull
    Studio 4 is also flexible and can be adapted to a wide variety of events. The walls and ceiling are in deep red shades. The metal coffers are aluminum, the absorbent surface is felt. The floors are stained oak.

    Photo: Agnete Schlichtkrull

    Photo: Henrik Bøgh Frandsen
    Events at the Concert Hall will range widely in terms of size and genre: small-scale jazz concerts in the foyer, chamber music, choral, rock and pop concerts in the three smaller concert halls and symphony concerts, guest appearances and large scale rhythmic concerts in the large concert hall.
    It will thus be possible to see, hear and experience DR's own orchestras and choirs: Danish National Symphony Orchestra, Danish Radio Sinfonietta, DR Big Band, DR Vocal Ensemble, DR Radio Choir, DR Radio Girls' Choir, DR Youth Ensemble and DR's children's choir, as well as guest performances and guest soloists from Denmark and abroad. Also rhythmical music, where DJs and bands will form new groundbreaking concepts.

    Photo: arcpace

    Model photo courtesy Atelier Jean Nouvel

    Drawing courtesy Atelier Jean Nouvel
    Plan Level -1

    Drawing courtesy Atelier Jean Nouvel
    Plan Level 3

    Drawing courtesy Atelier Jean Nouvel
    Plan Level 6

    Drawing courtesy Atelier Jean Nouvel
    Section
    Total area: 26,000 square meters
    Completed: January 2009
    Client: Danish Broadcasting Corporation
    Architect: Atelier Jean Nouvel
    Advisers to Jean Nouvel: Olivier Boissiere, Hubert Tonka
    Local Architect: Niels Fuglsang A/S
    Structural Engineer: Terrell International S.A.S., Niras
    Acoustics. NAGATA Acoustics
    Yasuhisa Toyota / Motoo Komoda
    Atelier Jean Nouvel arcspace features

  4. کاربران : 2 تشکر کرده اند از شما mr7 برای ارسال این پست سودمند:


  5. #3
    mr7 آواتار ها
    mr7
    mr7 آفلاين است کاربر متوسط
    تاریخ عضویت
    Sep 2008
    محل سکونت
    n95
    نوشته ها
    209
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    1,189
    تشکر شده 751 بار در 208 پست
    لايك دريافتي
    0
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    0

    پیش فرض

    Jean Nouvel
    DR Concert Hall
    Copenhagen, Denmark
    The architecture dematerializes and becomes a matter of light and surface effects.

    Photo: Bjarne Bergius Hermansen
    The opening of the DR Concert Hall on January 17th means a national and international concert venue for Denmark and a new architectural landmark for the capital.
    The complex, part of the TV network’s new Headquarters in Copenhagen, contains all facilities for Danish Broadcasting Corporation’s music production.
    Jean Nouvel presented the new building for the press on Friday January 16th.
    “The first idea for the building was the concept of the blue screen, a kind of lantern magic, because of the exceptional situation of the urban condition being a new development. I try to be a contextual architect and generally like to have a dialogue with my neighbors, but in this new urban situation I did not know my neighbors. So I tried to think about myself an an architect in the 11th century who had to build a Cathedral in a city in Europe, and how the buildings then happened around the Cathedral. This was possible because this is probably the largest and most public building here.
    The idea after was to create a kind of question “What is this building?”
    When you see the building during the day you have a kind of feeling for what is behind the screen, but not really, and it changes a lot with the light. When the sun is lower you see the skyline of the building inside and the framing of the glass facade behind the screen. It is a paradox between a very simple building, and you feel that inside, but you don’t really know what is there, only that it is complex. So it is this relationship between simplicity and complexity that is the base of the design.
    So the idea was to create a kind of small world belonging to the Concert Hall with a lot of specific singular details, materials and spaces, so when you open a door from one studio to another it is always a new feeling, a new ambience.
    That is really the basic architectural idea of the building.”
    Jean Nouvel

    Video: arcspace.
    Jean Nouvel presents the building.
    Duration: 00:0714 Kb: 15205.5
    Nouvel’s design encloses a series of volumes, housing a different program or function, in a 45 meter tall rectangular box with transparent blue “screen” walls. The building will be constantly changing depending on the lighting conditions and the time of day; both revealing and concealing the interior. At night the building lights up with images projected on the “screen.”

    Photo: arcspace

    Photo: Bjarne Bergius Hermansen

    Photo: arcspace
    The DR Concert Hall consists of four “studios,” all very different in size and design, and thus well suited to all kinds of music.
    The foyer is distributed over seven levels - from 2.5 meters underground to about 30 meters above ground level. From the Foyer the public can see the Concert Hall (Studio 1) “floating above the ground” and the musicians playing in studio 2, 3, and 4.
    The lower Foyer, with access to three smaller halls, is located below street level. Offices and other functions are located around the halls in the northern part of the complex.

    Photo: arcspace

    Photo: arcspace

    Photo: arcspace

    Photo: arcspace

    Photo: arcspace
    There are no lamps but rather different color light volumes that simulate city lights.
    The walls are of concrete, a so-called “elephant skin,” where the concrete is cast with intermediate plastic layers, producing the special folds in the concrete.

    Photo: arcspace

    Photo: arcspace

    Photo: arcspace
    The Main Concert Hall, Studio 1, is raised ten meters above street level with the upper Foyer under its “belly”, giving the impression of a big wooden sculpture. Escalators and elevators in the upper Foyer lead to the different levels of the Concert Hall.

    Photo: arcspace

    Photo: arcspace

    Photo: arcspace
    The stage is in the middle of the Concert Hall, surrounded by 1800 seats on multi-level terracing. Nouvel refers to it like a vineyard with terracing. The ceiling and the wall surfaces are in stained plywood with milled surfaces in order to spread the highest audio frequencies. The characteristic “wave walls” are made of plaster products.

    Photo: Agnete Schlichtkrull

    Photo: Agnete Schlichtkrull

    Photo: Agnete Schlichtkrull

    Photo: Agnete Schlichtkrull
    As a minimum all the surfaces of the hall weigh 100 kg per square meter which insures the best possible reproduction of the lowest sounds. This means that most surfaces consist of up to six layers of plaster and plywood.
    When the Danish National Symphony Orchestra leaves the hall to other musical genres, large curtains are drawn out of the slots in the wave walls to optimize the acoustics of the hall as required.
    Studio 2 is inspired by the big production studios in Hollywood. On the plywood walls hang large panels with portraits of selected soloists, conductors and composers printed on them as decoration.
    The portraits were processed with a special vector graphics technique, that turn the images into black and white contrasts, then stensiled on the plywood walls.

    Photo: Agnete Schlichtkrull

    Photo: Camilla Utke Schiøler
    Studio 3, the smallest unit of the Concert Hall, can be customized for any event since there is no fixed stage or audience seating. The black walls, in alternating polished and matte panelling, is inspired by a grand piano. The floor is stained oak.

    Photo: Agnete Schlichtkrull

    Photo: Agnete Schlichtkrull
    Studio 4 is also flexible and can be adapted to a wide variety of events. The walls and ceiling are in deep red shades. The metal coffers are aluminum, the absorbent surface is felt. The floors are stained oak.

    Photo: Agnete Schlichtkrull

    Photo: Henrik Bøgh Frandsen
    Events at the Concert Hall will range widely in terms of size and genre: small-scale jazz concerts in the foyer, chamber music, choral, rock and pop concerts in the three smaller concert halls and symphony concerts, guest appearances and large scale rhythmic concerts in the large concert hall.
    It will thus be possible to see, hear and experience DR's own orchestras and choirs: Danish National Symphony Orchestra, Danish Radio Sinfonietta, DR Big Band, DR Vocal Ensemble, DR Radio Choir, DR Radio Girls' Choir, DR Youth Ensemble and DR's children's choir, as well as guest performances and guest soloists from Denmark and abroad. Also rhythmical music, where DJs and bands will form new groundbreaking concepts.

    Photo: arcpace

    Model photo courtesy Atelier Jean Nouvel

    Drawing courtesy Atelier Jean Nouvel
    Plan Level -1

    Drawing courtesy Atelier Jean Nouvel
    Plan Level 3

    Drawing courtesy Atelier Jean Nouvel
    Plan Level 6

    Drawing courtesy Atelier Jean Nouvel
    Section
    Total area: 26,000 square meters
    Completed: January 2009
    Client: Danish Broadcasting Corporation
    Architect: Atelier Jean Nouvel
    Advisers to Jean Nouvel: Olivier Boissiere, Hubert Tonka
    Local Architect: Niels Fuglsang A/S
    Structural Engineer: Terrell International S.A.S., Niras
    Acoustics. NAGATA Acoustics
    Yasuhisa Toyota / Motoo Komoda
    Atelier Jean Nouvel arcspace features

  6. کاربران : 2 تشکر کرده اند از شما mr7 برای ارسال این پست سودمند:


  7. #4
    pleryrozt آفلاين است تازه وارد
    تاریخ عضویت
    May 2014
    سن کاربر
    plerirounZF
    محل سکونت
    China
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    1
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